Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors side effects

 

ACE inhibitors side effects

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are medications that help relax the veins and arteries to lower blood pressure. ACE inhibitors prevent an enzyme in the body from producing angiotensin II, a substance that narrows blood vessels. This narrowing can cause high blood pressure and forces the heart to work harder. Angiotensin II also releases hormones that raise blood pressure.

Examples of ACE inhibitors

Many ACE inhibitors are available. The best one for you depends on many things, including your overall health and existing conditions. For example, people with chronic kidney disease may benefit from having an ACE inhibitor as one of their medications.

Examples of ACE inhibitors include:

Use of  ACE inhibitors 

ACE inhibitors are used to prevent, treat or improve symptoms in conditions such as:

Sometimes, another blood pressure medication — such as a diuretic or calcium channel blocker — is prescribed with an ACE inhibitor. ACE inhibitors shouldn't be taken with an angiotensin receptor blocker or with a direct renin inhibitor.

ACE Inhibitors Side effects

Side effects of ACE inhibitors may include:

Rarely, ACE inhibitors can cause some areas of the tissues to swell (angioedema). If swelling occurs in the throat, it can be life-threatening.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve), decrease the effectiveness of ACE inhibitors. Taking an occasional dose of these medications shouldn't affect how an ACE inhibitor works, but talk to your doctor if you regularly take NSAIDs.

Taking ACE inhibitors during pregnancy increases the risk of birth defects in the baby. If you're pregnant or plan to become pregnant, talk to your doctor about other options to treat high blood pressure.

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