Here are 8 Complications of STI


The  fate of many diseases are complications ranging from simple to severe ones if not treated promply. Complications of STI are in the same behavior too. Sexually transmitted infections have complications that are associated with the affected parts (reproductive systems male and female) and also other body parts. Complications of STI can be so detilimental if not handled by an expert. The initial infections themselves are easy to treat just needs some single drugs or a combination.

Most complications of STI arise from neglected or poorly treated infections by sexually transmitted germs. In this article i will write about the complications and what germs cause them. 

What are the complication of sti?

1. Swelling of testicles

Infections by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, chlamydia trachomatis can infect the testicles and cause swelling orchitis. The condition is painiful and needs treatment with antibiotics and may need a long course than the initial infection is treated.

2. Infertility

In both male and females the complications of STI can lead to failure to impregnate and concieive respectively. The ovaries, tubes and the uterus lining can be destroyed by the infections which is called PID. The woman's reproductive organs can be damaged which may results into falire of implantation of fertilized egg. Infertility is common and we cannot forget talking bout STIs as one of its cause.
A damaged testicles in men can compromise the quality and quantity of sperm formation.  

3. PID

Pelvic inflamatory disease is a condition when one or multiple pelvic structures are infected. that can include the cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries. This condition can be either chrinic or acute and the cause cannot exclude STIs. further complications to the mentioened organs can lead to the above problem called infertility.

Read also: Treatment of PID

4. Newborn complications

Mothers who are infected by these diseases can have a complication on the newborn. Example there could be a congenital malformation to the baby if a mother had syphilis during pregnancy. Eye infection called neonatal conjunctivitis caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia. This compication can be treated by Erythromicin and in many cases the response is very good. It is important that pregnant mothers gets screened.  

5. Urethral stricture

In disease (STI) like gonorrhea or chlamydia  the affected part in males, is the urethra and can become damaged leading to its narrowing or partially blocked. Once the blockage happens urination becomes a problem and back flow of urine can results into urinary tract infection. 

6.Failure to give birth vaginary

A woman with genital warts that are excessive may fail to give birth through the normal vaginal way. That is because the cervix (the door of the womb) can become closed completely or narroewd. Once a woman fail to deliver vaginally the next step is caesarean section which can come with its own complications. 

7. Cervical cancer

We have now got idea about the connection between HPV infection and cervical cancer. If the human papiloma virus infection stays longer a womn has more chnes of develping into  cervical cancer, Vaccination is the best in reducing the chances of this problem.

8. Ectopic pregnancy

Due to scarring or damage to uterus or tubes, the fertilized egg can implant on a wrong position. STI damage lead to the scars in this case and cause ectopic pregnancy. 

How to avoid Complications of STI?

The way to go about avoiding complications of sti is to seek treatment immediately when  you suspect having the infection. If your have a behavior of having sexual intercourse without protection you are more likely to have the STIs. Use condoms to prevent getting infected. Learn ti be faithful to yur partners and make sure you both practice safe sex. Vaccination of adolescents has been approved to prevent HPV infection.


The most common cause of STI to complicate is delay or ignorance in seeking treatment. Most STIs are easy to treat and complications can be avoided . Make sure all tyour partners are treated for the STI to prevent re-infection and complications.

Jose Phiri

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References For STD-STI Information

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