Featured Post

7 Impressive Health Benefits of Yogurt

  Yogurt   has been consumed by humans for hundreds of years. It’s very nutritious, and eating it regularly may boost several aspects of you...

Showing posts with label Pregnancy. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pregnancy. Show all posts

What Increases Chances Of Twin Pregnancy?

There are many myths about how to improve the odds of having twins. Although there are no proven ways to increase the likelihood of conceiving twins, there are certain factors that can make this type of pregnancy more likely.

Twins can occur either when two separate eggs become fertilized in the womb or when a single fertilized egg splits into two embryos.

Having twins is more common now than it was in the past. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, twin births have nearly doubled over the last 40 years.

A woman has a higher chance of having twins if she conceives with the assistance of fertility treatment or is aged 35 years or over. In the United States, fertility treatments account for more than one-thirdTrusted Source of twin pregnancies.

In this article, we explore why twin pregnancies occur, how common they are, and factors that can make them more likely. We also explain whether a person can increase their chance of having twins.

Woman holding twin girlsShare on Pinterest
A woman may be more likely to have twins, depending on age, family history, and fertility treatments.

Doctors do not fully understand the reasons why twin pregnancies sometimes occur. However, some factors can increase the likelihood of giving birth to twins, including:

  • the woman’s age
  • having a family history of twins
  • having fertility treatments

Conception happens when a sperm fertilizes an egg to form an embryo. However, if there are two eggs present in the womb at the time of fertilization or the fertilized egg splits into two separate embryos, a woman can become pregnant with twins.

There are two types of twin:

  • Identical twins: This type of pregnancy happens when a fertilized egg splits into two separate embryos. These embryos are monozygotic, which means that they have identical genes. Identical twins are the same sex as each other and look very alike.
  • Nonidentical, or fraternal, twins: This type of pregnancy occurs when there are two eggs present in the womb at the time of fertilization, and sperm fertilize both of them. These embryos are dizygotic, which means that they do not have identical genes and may not be the same sex.

Fraternal twins are common after fertility treatment because healthcare professionals often place two fertilized embryos into a woman’s womb to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.

Twins are relatively uncommon. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), only approximately one in 250pregnancies results in twins.

However, the birth of twins has increased significantly alongside the rise in the use of fertility treatments and with more women choosing to have children at a later age. Since 1980, the birth rate of twins has increased by more than 75 percent.

A woman is more likely to have fraternal twins than identical twins. Identical twins account for only about one-third of multiple pregnancies.

Several factors can increase the likelihood of a woman conceiving twins. These include:

Family history

A woman has a slightly higher chance of having twins if she has a family history of twins. A family history of twins on the mother’s side increases this likelihood more than a family history on the father’s side. However, this only applies if conception takes place without the use of fertility treatments.

According to the ASRM, women who are themselves nonidentical twins produce twins in around 1 in every 60 births. For men who are nonidentical twins, the chance of conceiving twins is only 1 in every 125 births.

Some people believe that twins can skip a generation, meaning that a person will potentially have twins if one of their grandparents did. However, there is little evidence to support this theory.

Fertility treatment

The ASRM note that the main factor that increases the chance of having twins is the use of fertility treatments. The various types of fertility treatment available increase the likelihood of twins in different ways.

Some fertility drugs work by stimulating a woman’s ovaries, which can sometimes cause them to release more than one egg. If sperm fertilizes both of these eggs, this can result in twins.

In vitro fertilization (IVF) can also increase the chance of conceiving twins.

Healthcare professionals carry out IVF by extracting a woman’s eggs and fertilizing them with a donor’s sperm in a laboratory to produce an embryo. They then transfer the fertilized embryo into the woman’s womb.

To increase the likelihood of success, the healthcare professional may place more than one embryo into the womb. Twins can occur if both embryos implant and develop successfully.

Multiple pregnancies carry additional risks, so the healthcare professional will usually limit the number of embryos that they transfer to the woman’s womb to reduce the chance of a pregnancy with twins, triplets, or more.

Age

According to the Office on Women’s HealthTrusted Source, women who are aged 30 years or older are more likely to conceive twins. The reason for this is that women of this age are more likely than younger women to release more than one egg during their reproductive cycle. If sperm fertilizes two separate eggs, a twin pregnancy can occur.

Height and weight

The ASRM report that nonidentical twins are slightly more common in taller or heavier women than they are in small women. The reasons for this are not clear, but it may be due to better nutrition. Women with a higher body weight may have more resources available for a developing fetus.

Racial background

In the U.S., Hispanic women are less likely to have twins than non-Hispanic white women or black women, according to the ASRM.

There are many unproven claims about how to increase the likelihood of conceiving twins. Some people advise following specific diets or using certain alternative therapies, but there is no scientific evidence to support these methods.

Fertility treatments, particularly IVF and ovary stimulants, do increase the chances of having twins. However, a twin pregnancy is riskier for both the woman and the developing fetuses. For this reason, some fertility clinics advise against implanting multiple embryos during IVF treatment.

The CDCTrusted Source recommend that younger women who are having their first fertility treatment select just one embryo for transfer to their womb.

As the success of fertility treatment is improving, there is often less need to transfer more than one embryo. In the U.S., the number of IVF treatments involving the transfer of three or four embryos decreased significantly between 2007 and 2016Trusted Source. Transferring just one or two embryos reduces the likelihood of a multiple pregnancy.

A twin pregnancy increases the risk of:

  • premature birth
  • low birth weight
  • stillbirth
  • disabilities at birth and congenital health conditions, such as cerebral palsy and autism
  • preeclampsia
  • diabetes during pregnancy
  • cesarean delivery
  • needing bed rest while pregnant

Although certain factors increase the chance of having twins, there is no way to improve the odds of having twins naturally. A woman will usually find out that she is pregnant with twins from an ultrasound early on in the pregnancy.

Some symptoms may indicate a twin pregnancy, including more intense morning sickness and very rapid weight gain. Regular medical appointments will improve the chances of a healthy pregnancy.

8 Things You Need To Know Before Getting Pregnant

Things to know getting pregnant

Prepping for pregnancy starts long before your conception. There are a few things you can do to get in the best shape possible to improve your chances of getting pregnant. It will help you have a smooth transition to pregnancy, motherhood, and postpartum if you start planning your budget, your relationship with your spouse, to your life with your baby.

There are a few healthy habits that you should consider building to prep your body for a bun in the oven. Plus, to align aspects in your life in order to have a smooth sail for your little bundle whenever they make their grand appearance.


Prepping your body


All the activities that you do during the day can have an impact on your chances of conceiving. From the kind of food you eat to the amount of drinking your body can take, even your workout routine is very important when you’re considering getting pregnant.



Inculcate healthy habits


Exercise should be a part of your daily routine, you should start working out at least 30 minutes a day. Brisk walking, Zumba, or strength training whatever hits your mojo, just get going. Working out releases feel-good hormones endorphins, which keep you relaxed and make those baby-making efforts more productive.


Try to limit your coffee consumption. Keeping your caffeine consumption in moderation will help you get and stay pregnant.


This is a good time to switch your regular drink with a mocktail. Hard drinks sometimes mess with your menstrual cycle, possibly interfering with your ovulation.


Quit smoking long before you start thinking of having a baby. You must’ve heard by now that smoking is not only injurious to your health but also to your developing baby’s health. It even affects your and your partner's fertility.



Minimise stress


Juggling with stress is a part of the modern-day lifestyle. Sometimes it can mess with your ovulation and cause harm to your eggs. Try to take it easy and find a stress management technique that works for you. Try meditation and yoga if nothing else works.



Pay your doctor a visit


Review your daily medication, if any, with your doctor and ask for a subscription of folic acid and other multivitamins. A few medications, not just allopathic but also Ayurvedic should be avoided as they can have adverse effects on the growing fetus and your fertility. It’s always better to cross-check with your doctor before you start planning your pregnancy.



Clock 7-8 hours of sleep


Make it your goal to at least get a minimum of seven to eight hours of peaceful, undisturbed sleep at night. Just like a good diet, enough sleep promotes good chances of producing your little one. Erratic sleep pattern is linked with irregular periods.



Maintain a good dental hygiene


Before you get pregnant, pay a visit to your dentist. It’s the best time to get your gums in shape. There is a link between uncontrolled periodontal disease and a few pregnancy complications.



Prepare yourself mentally


Having a baby and a pregnancy can be a very isolating experience. Sometimes women even experience depression during this time, it’s important to be vocal about your mental health and get it under control before you get pregnant.


Be financially prepared


Baby items and doctor visits are quite expensive. Check what all does your insurance cover and start building up your savings. This will help you be prepared for all seen and unforeseen expenses.


Summary 

The key is to anticipate disruption and still trust in the greater good. Be ready for a life-altering change once you get pregnant and deliver your baby.


JPeei Clinic 

Should You Take Probiotics During Pregnancy?

 Pregnancy can be an exciting time full of new experiences and learnings, especially when it comes to diet and supplements.

However, if you’re pregnant and feel overwhelmed by the sheer amount of information available, know that you’re not alone.

You’ve likely discovered that conflicting evidence abounds on health and wellness websites. Plus, many people — friends, family, co-workers, or even strangers — might feel warranted to give you their personal opinion on what’s safe and what’s not when you’re pregnant.

It’s understandable if this makes you wary about adding new foods and supplements to your diet, including probiotics.

This article breaks down the latest research on the safety of taking probiotics during pregnancy, enabling you to make an informed decision when choosing pregnancy supplements.

white pills on blue backgroundShare on Pinterest
Larry Washburn/fStop/Offset Images

Probiotics are living organisms found in certain foods and drinks like yogurt, kefir, tempeh, and kombucha. You can also take them in supplement form (1Trusted Source).

Taking certain amounts may offer health benefits like improved digestive health and reduced risk of heart disease (2Trusted Source).

Research has found most strains of probiotics, including Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, to be safe to take long term (2Trusted Source).

However, some researchers are exploring if the overuse of probiotic supplements could lead to the transfer of genes resistant to infectious pathogens, antibiotic resistance, and other negative health consequences (3Trusted Source4Trusted Source).

Regardless, rest assured that studies have found that taking probiotic supplements during pregnancy is safe and not associated with adverse outcomes.

Firstly, a large 2018 review that included 49 publications found that taking probiotic supplements during pregnancy wasn’t associated with an increased risk of preterm birth or other adverse pregnancy outcomes in mothers or babies (5Trusted Source).

Similarly, many other studies show that probiotic use is well tolerated if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding (1Trusted Source6Trusted Source7Trusted Source8Trusted Source9Trusted Source10Trusted Source).

A 2020 review that evaluated the safety of probiotics in pregnancy and newborns detected adverse effects in 3 of the 21 included studies. That said, all 3 reported adverse effects were from probiotic use in infants, not during pregnancy (11Trusted Source12Trusted Source13Trusted Source14Trusted Source).

Two of these cases involved bacterial infection in the bloodstream of low birth weight infants, while the last case involved the use of probiotics in a low birth weight infant after a surgical procedure (12Trusted Source13Trusted Source14Trusted Source).

Ultimately, the review concluded that probiotics appear to be safe for pregnant women and full-term newborns, but cautioned that more research is needed — especially in the most vulnerable populations like low birth weight infants (11Trusted Source).

If you’re pregnant and considering taking probiotics, we recommend running this by your healthcare professional first to make sure they’re the right choice for you and your baby.

SUMMARY

Probiotic supplements appear safe to use if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, although researchers agree that larger, high quality studies are needed to confirm this.

Perhaps you found this article because you’ve heard that taking probiotics during pregnancy is linked to health benefits.

This is supported by research. In fact, it’s believed that these supplements may improve certain aspects of maternal health, reduce the risk of pregnancy complications, and benefit newborns.

May benefit gut health

Keeping your gut bacteria healthy is always important, including when you’re pregnant. Some evidence suggests that taking probiotics during pregnancy may be one way to improve gut bacteria composition and digestive health.

One 2020 study in 49 pregnant women with obesity found that those who took a multi-strain probiotic supplement from an average of 17 weeks pregnant until delivery experienced increased gut bacteria diversity, compared with those who took a placebo (15Trusted Source).

More specifically, the probiotic group had more of the beneficial bacteria lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and S. salivarius (15Trusted Source).

Having high bacterial diversity is a sign of a healthy gut, while low bacterial diversity has been linked to negative health outcomes like metabolic disorders. That said, more research in this area is needed (15Trusted Source16Trusted Source17Trusted Source).

May reduce the risk of preterm delivery and other pregnancy complications

Promisingly, taking probiotic supplements may help protect against preterm delivery and other pregnancy complications.

A 2020 review that included 18 randomized control trials found that the length of pregnancy was significantly longer in those taking probiotic supplements, compared with those receiving placebo treatments (18Trusted Source).

The review also found that those who took probiotics had a significantly reduced risk of death and necrotizing fasciitis, a rare but life threatening infection that can occur during pregnancy (18Trusted Source).

May reduce the risk of eczema in infants

If you’re pregnant, taking probiotics may help reduce the risk of eczema — a condition characterized by red and itchy skin — in you and your baby.

For example, a 2020 review associated probiotic supplements with a significantly reduced risk of eczema during pregnancy (18Trusted Source).

Plus, a 2019 review of 28 studies associated the use of probiotics during and after pregnancy with a significantly reduced risk of eczema in infants and children (19Trusted Source).

In line with this, the World Allergy Organization recommends probiotic use in those who are pregnant and infants with a family history of allergic disease (20Trusted Source).

Combined, this suggests that taking probiotic supplements may help prevent eczema in people who are pregnant and babies. That being said, the available evidence is considered low quality, and more research is needed to confirm these potential benefits.

May reduce depression and anxiety

Perhaps you’re researching probiotic supplements because you’ve heard that they can reduce the risk of or treat symptoms of depression and anxiety during and after pregnancy.

Unfortunately, even though it’s speculated that some strains of probiotics may have these effects, not all studies agree.

In a 2017 study in 380 women, taking a probiotic called Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 (HN001) from weeks 14–16 of pregnancy until 6 months after birth led to significantly lower depression and anxiety scores, compared with placebo (21Trusted Source).

Yet, the study was funded by the supplement manufacturer, which may have influenced the results (21Trusted Source).

Interestingly, a 2021 study in 40 women who were pregnant found that taking a multi-species probiotic supplement from 26–30 weeks of pregnancy until delivery had no effects on depression or anxiety symptoms (22Trusted Source).

A 2020 study also showed that probiotic treatment with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis BB12 had no effects on mental health outcomes in pregnant women (23Trusted Source).

In conclusion, there’s only limited evidence that probiotics may reduce depression and anxiety during or after pregnancy.

Experiencing depression or anxiety during or after pregnancy is not uncommon, and you don’t have to get through this tough time alone. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional for help and to get the right care as soon as possible.

May improve maternal metabolic health

If you’re pregnant, staying healthy is essential for reducing the risk of complications and of developing certain health conditions after delivery.

Thankfully, probiotic supplements may help reduce blood sugar and insulin levels in pregnancy, which could improve health and lower the risk of complications.

A 2018 review that included 12 randomized controlled trials found that the use of probiotics during pregnancy reduced blood sugar and insulin levels (10Trusted Source).

In a 2017 review of 4 randomized controlled trials in 288 women with gestational diabetes — characterized by elevated blood sugar levels during pregnancy — probiotics significantly reduced insulin resistance, though they didn’t reduce blood sugar levels (9Trusted Source).

The researchers suggested that this could help those with gestational diabetes reduce the need for blood sugar-reducing medication later in pregnancy (9Trusted Source).

Many other studies have also shown how probiotic supplements may benefit insulin and blood sugar levels when taken during pregnancy (24Trusted Source25Trusted Source).

Additionally, a 2017 study suggested that treatment with HN001 during pregnancy may reduce the risk of development of gestational diabetes, especially in women over the age of 35 years and those who previously had the condition (26Trusted Source).

These findings are promising, but keep in mind that research in this area is ongoing.

It’s understandable if you’re interested in taking probiotic supplements to help reduce blood sugar or insulin levels, but it’s important to talk with your healthcare professional first to check if that’s the best approach.

SUMMARY

Taking probiotic supplements during pregnancy has been associated with several benefits, including reduced pregnancy complication risk and lowered blood sugar and insulin levels.

So, now that you know that probiotics are generally safe to take during pregnancy and may offer some health benefits, you’re probably wondering whether or not you should take them. The answer is, it depends.

For some, the supplements may be beneficial during pregnancy.

For example, if you’ve been taking probiotics before pregnancy to improve symptoms of gastrointestinal conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or Crohn’s disease, it’s likely suitable to continue taking them (27Trusted Source28Trusted Source).

Additionally, these supplements may be helpful if you’re experiencing high blood sugar and insulin resistance or if you have a family history of allergic diseases.

Yet, even though some studies suggest that probiotics may reduce certain pregnancy complications, the evidence isn’t strong enough to recommend them to all who are pregnant.

Not necessary for most people

Even though some people may benefit from taking these supplements during pregnancy, they aren’t necessary for most.

Other supplements — including high quality prenatal supplements and omega-3 fatty acid supplements — are more important to support maternal and fetal health (29Trusted Source).

But what remains the most important is enjoying a nutrient-dense, well-rounded diet and a healthy lifestyle.

For example, make sure to eat plenty of protein-rich foods like eggs, chicken, fish, lentils, vegetables and fruits, and healthy sources of fats like full fat dairy, avocado, nuts, and seeds to provide your body with the nutrients it needs.

Additionally, even though most people don’t need to take a probiotic supplement during pregnancy, you’ll likely still benefit from eating foods naturally rich in probiotics such as kimchi, kefir, miso, and sauerkraut.

In addition, adding foods rich in prebiotics — fibers that help feed the good bacteria in your gut — like artichokes, garlic, onions, and asparagus to your diet can promote the overall health of your digestive system. Being rich in fiber, these foods can also help prevent constipation (30Trusted Source).

If you’re pregnant or are trying to get pregnant and have questions about which supplements to take, we recommend speaking with an experienced healthcare professional like your OB-GYN or a registered dietitian who specializes in nutrition during pregnancy.

They can provide customized recommendations and help you learn which supplements match your diet, lifestyle, and overall health. Plus, if they do recommend a probiotic supplement, they can advise you on which specific strains may be most effective.

On a final note, when purchasing supplements, including probiotics, make sure to choose products from reputable brands to ensure safety. Many brands are verified by third-party organizations including USP, NSF International, or Underwriters Laboratory.

SUMMARY

Probiotics may provide some benefits during pregnancy, but they’re not always necessary. Oftentimes, a well-rounded diet and healthy lifestyle will do the trick, but make sure to raise any concerns you have with your healthcare professional.

Probiotics are popular supplements that are safe to take if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

In fact, taking them during pregnancy has been linked to benefits like fewer pregnancy complications, reduced risk of eczema in babies, and improved markers of metabolic health in expectant mothers.

Despite this, probiotics are not necessary or appropriate for all pregnant women. As such, we recommend that you ask your healthcare professional for advice if you’re interested in trying out probiotic supplements during pregnancy.

Just one thing: If you’d like to include more probiotics in your diet without taking supplements, stop by this article to learn more about which foods are naturally high in them.

JPeei Clinic